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26/Dec/2020

5 Common Nose Disorders
5 Common Nose Disorders

Nose, being considered one of the most vital organs of the human body, is responsible for giving us sensory delights and aroma of the distinct flavours and filtering all the injurious infections caused by the foreign bodies. Just imagine, what would happen if the nose gets affected by any problem. The condition would spread in the entire body through the airways and lungs, thus causing severe repercussions to invite unhealthy scene. An expert ENT professional or otolaryngologist can suggest the best treatment for curing nose related disorders.

Let’s explore the Five most common Nose Disorders that can affect the human body to a greater extent and require timely treatment.

1. Sinusitis

Sinuses are the air-filled cavities located within the face, branching off from the nasal cavity. Any inflammation or infection present in the sinuses results in the Sinusitis symptoms. Sinusitis is quite common amongst adults and also has become one of the most common health issues all over the globe today. Its prominent and minor symptoms include:

● Obstruction in nose or drains;
● Decreased smell sensation;
● Breathing problems;
● Severe Headache.
● Post nasal drip
● Bad breath

Diagnosis and Treatment

An experienced and well-qualified Expert ENT specialist can diagnose it with the Nasal Endoscopy or a CT scan PNS (Para Nasal Sinuses). Acute infections can be treated using antibiotics, decongestants, nasal sprays, and irrigators et al. In case its recurrent infection or long standing, Endoscope Sinus Surgery is recommended to cure it.

2. Deviated Nasal Septum (DNS)

The nasal septum is a vertical divider or wall responsible for dividing the nasal cavity. Gross deviations in the nasal septum can sometimes cause blockage in the drainage of nasal sinuses leading to recurrent sinus infections. .

Symptoms of deviated nasal Septum:

● Difficulty in breathing due to blockage of nostrils;
● Congestion in the nose;
● Nosebleeds;
● Recurrent sinus infections;
● Severe headache, facial pain.

Diagnosis and Treatment

An ENT specialist can diagnose the problem with the help of nasal endoscopy or sometimes CT scan. Having a deviated septum is never an indication for surgery. Surgery is indicated only in cases where patients have symptoms due to DNS. In such cases, he or she might need Septoplasty or sometimes Septoturbinoplasty– a surgical operation to rectify the deviated septum and reduction in size of the nasal turbinates. Sometimes, it is combined with the sinus surgeries as well.

3. Smell and Taste Disorders

Our life gets severely affected by the disorders of smell and taste, which are, on the other hand, related to defects and infections in sensory organs. Any loss of smell leads to the loss of flavour as well.

Causes of Smell and Taste Disorders
● Polyps
● Allergic rhinitis
● Respiratory infections
● Tumours
● Rhinosinusitis

Diagnosis and Treatment

An expert ENT professional will go through the detailed history by physical examination and using an endoscope, testing of smell, and imaging to find out the exact cause before starting treatment. It is equally vital that you understand the actual reason before initiating any therapeutic plan.

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4. Nasal Polyps

Any soft and non-cancerous growths present on the lining of the nose is the Nasal Polyps symptom. Such conditions are caused due to inflammation or infections and also allergies. Multiple polyps, instead of small polyps, cause severe diseases including obstruction in breathing.

Symptoms:

● Breathing Issues
● Headache
● Pain in Upper Teeth
● Facial Pain
● Snoring and Running Nose

Diagnose and Treatment

Nasal Endoscopy and CT scan of the Para nasal sinuses are key in diagnosis and proper planning in a case of chronic rhino sinusitis. Medications and antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment in cases of acute infections. But Endoscopic Sinus Surgeries are often recommended by ENT professionals for chronic infections not responding to medical line of management

5. Nasal Allergies or Allergic Rhinitis

Nasal Allergies are one of the most common Nose Disorders being experienced by more than half of the population. It includes Stuffy Nose, watery eyes, Headache and Nasal Blockage. It occurs due to dust mites or some bacterial and Viral Infections, Pests et al.

Symptoms:
● Headache
● Asthma
● Red, Watery Eyes
● Sore Throat
● Coughing
● Sinus pain and swelling

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your ENT professional will evaluate the root cause and recommend treatment strategies. Steroid nasal sprays and oral antihistamines are the mainstay in medical management of these cases.

Are you bothered about recurrent nose infections or facing difficulty while breathing? Dr. Muddazir Ali, the most proficient and experienced ENT professional boasts extensive training in a variety of nasal and sinus issues. He proffers compassionate and personalized care for children and adults. So, fix your appointment immediately and get yourself diagnosed from the most experienced ENT Specialist Doctor in Dubai.


17/Dec/2020

Can Acid Reflux Be the Cause of Severe Throat Problems
Can Acid Reflux Be the Cause of Severe Throat Problems

Are you the one exasperated with itchy throat, cough, irritation and hoarse voice despite not suffering from cold or fever? Are you also often feeling embarrassed for clearing the excess of mucus in your throat? Many of us feel annoyed about such irritating problems, and usually take allergy medications, antibiotics and even decongestants for the cure. But such problems are not actually caused by some allergies or viral infections. Rather, these are caused by the Acid Reflux or Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) or Atypical Reflux and therefore require proper treatment procedure for the total cure to come out of such irritating condition.

As Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is responsible for affecting esophagus, on the other hand, Acid Reflux or LPR is responsible for affecting larynx and pharynx—which is primarily the voice production system that also includes the throat.

Causes of Acid Reflux or LPR

Laryngo-pharyngeal Reflux (LPR) is caused by reflux of bile or acid. Gastric Acid causes enormous inflammation when it drops on the vocal cords. If it occurs repeatedly, then the number of irking problems emerges in a person with the symptoms like Hoarseness, Coughing, Throat Infections, excess mucus, frequent throat clearing, and the feeling of as if something has adhered to throat besides the difficulty in swallowing amongst other symptoms. If these symptoms persist for more than 10-14 days, then one should seek medical attention from an experienced ENT Professional.

Various Throat Problems Due to Acid Reflux

Sore Throat
Sore throat is the most common throat problem which is commonly found in the adults as well as in children. It is accompanied by a dry, painful, scratchy and annoying feeling in one’s throat. It has been visualized that Acid Reflux is one of the major causes of Sore Throat infection. It results from acid regurgitation when contents from the stomach reach throat due to improper functioning of the Sphincter which normally inhibits their entry into the throat.

Hoarseness or Laryngitis
Inflammation in the Vocal Cords results into hoarseness, and which is often termed as Laryngitis. Acid Reflux can be considered as the most common reason for this. It is featured by the reflux of stomach acid into the food pipe and also throat. The acid deposit on the vocal cords or prolonged exposure to acid causes inflammation in the vocal cords, causing hoarse or whispering voice.

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Excess Throat Mucus
A sensation of the Post-nasal drip or excessive mucus in throat occurs due to Acid-reflux which leads to acid deposit at the back of the throat. Excess of Mucus causes irritation and frequent clearing of the throat which eventually leads to various bacterial and viral infections due to the mucus deposits in the throat. This also results in bad odour. When such condition arrives, it becomes an unbearable condition for a sufferer. That is why doctors always advice for early diagnosis to avoid it turning severe and painful.

An expert ENT specialist would suggest you the best treatment options and also how to follow the preventive measures to get rid of Acid Reflux related Throat infections. Start with quitting smoking, losing weight, regular exercising; and avoid lying down after meals. They are some of the best suggested preventive measures that can bring ample relief. PPI-Proton Pump Inhibitors are also useful in suppressing stomach acid, thus relieving acid reflux. Vocal Hygiene is the most important one. Further, severe throat infections necessitate surgeries and medications recommended by the ENT professionals for total cure.

If you too are facing such throat problems due to Acid Reflux, then fix your appointment with Dr. Muddaziran experienced and renowned ENT professional doctor in dubai and get yourself diagnosed as soon as possible. It is high time you avail expert opinion.


17/Dec/2020

Most Common Throat Problems - Causes and Treatment
Most Common Throat Problems – Causes and Treatment

Whether it is the change of weather or some festive feast, a pesky throat infection often destroys the festivity as it does not go easily without causing severe troubles. It results in irritation as well as itchiness that make our daily chores quite disturbing. Various treatments and remedies are available for throat problems. But before discussing the healing remedies, let’s first know about the common throat problems along with their genesis.

10 most common Throat Problems include:

Sore Throat

Sore Throat is one of the most distressing throat diseases commonly found in all ages. The irritation it causes might be painful or mild and persists for many days. It causes difficulty while swallowing and chewing the food. Usually, known as Pharyngitis, a sore throat generates pain or inflammation in the entire throat most primarily at the back.

Causes of Sore Throat:

The main causes of sore throat are Bacterial and Viral Infections. Other common causes include throat dryness, tumours, GERD, allergies and irritants.

1. Dysphagia

Any difficulty while swallowing is known as Dysphagia. It is accompanied with severe pain when we swallow the food. Two types of Dysphagia include Oropharyngeal and Esophageal i.e. mouth-throat and food pipe respectively.

Causes of Dysphagia:
The main causes of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia can be the anatomical or developmental abnormality cases. Esophageal Dysphagia results from neurological or Muscular disorders.

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Odynophagia

Very painful swallowing is termed as Odynophagia that develops from pain in the mouth, esophagus and throat. It is sometimes accompanied with too much difficulty in swallowing.

Causes of Odynophagia

Continual intake of quite cold or hot beverages, any muscular injuries, and a weak immune system can be the major causes.

Swollen Neck Lymph Nodes: Any infection in the upper respiratory tract results into swelling of neck lymph nodes which is one of the most devastating throat infections that cause too much problem. The infection includes anterior cervical lymph nodes, posterior cervical lymph nodes, submandibular lymph nodes, submental lymph nodes and tonsillar.

Causes of swollen neck lymph nodes

Severe viral, bacterial and parasitic infections including mumps, tonsillitis, measles, sinusitis, dental problems, tuberculosis which are the common causes.

Tonsillitis: Tonsils are the collection of lymphoid tissues located at the back of the throat. They form the major part of the immune system and therefore help to prevent our bodies from getting any type of infection. When tonsils become infected from severe bacterial and viral infections, it is called as the tonsillitis condition. It leads to soreness in throat, swelling, itchiness and even fever.

Causes of Tonsillitis:

It is caused by various common viruses and bacteria like Streptococcal that causes the strep throat symptom.

Dysphonia- Hoarse or whispering Voice

Dysphonia is a severe throat infection leading to rough and gruff voice, a speech disturbance usually resulting in a hoarse or whispering voice. It occurs due to the trouble in the larynx.

Causes of Dysphonia

Laryngitis is the most common cause leading to a temporary disturbance in the production of sound. Any structural problems in the larynx primarily cartilage, muscle and nerves also cause Dysphonia.

Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer can be defined as any development of cancerous tumour inside the throat, voice box or tonsils.

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is most common in children. Its symptoms include sore throat, fever and difficulty in swallowing.

Croup

The inflammation in the larynx and Trachea is termed as Croup. Symptoms include barking cough, and difficulty in breathing. It is caused by the parainfluenza virus.

Throat Ulcers

Throat Ulcers are the open sores present in the throat. Infection with yeast, bacteria and virus can be the primary reason.

Treatment Strategies

Various treatment strategies are present to treat common throat problems. An expert ENT specialist can recommend you the best one.
● Antibiotics, as recommended by an experienced ENT professional can be used to treat severe infections like a sore throat.
● Pain relievers such as ibruprofen et al might help to relieve you from severe pain.
Chronic Streptococcal infections of tonsils necessitate the removal of tonsils, the technique known as Tonsillectomy.

If you are also suffering from mild to severe Throat problems, then book your appointment with Dr. Muddazir, an expert ENT professional doctor in dubai who can guide you for the best treatment as per the severity of the infection. He is well versed with the ultra-modern surgical technology and boasts of being one of the best team of ENT specialists to offer specialist solutions.


11/Dec/2020

What Causes an Ear Infection in Babies
What Causes an Ear Infection in Babies

Is your baby becoming a bit fussier? Is something unbearable upsetting his/her entire day’s zeal and gusto? If you have been facing such signs in your baby, then don’t ignore that as an Ear Infection might be the reason for this inexplicable and enigmatic Pain to cause discomfort!

With ear infection in babies, you will find it unbearable situation as their suffering turns into a matter of big concern. But, it can be resolved by consulting an expert and experienced ENT Specialist at the earliest. The common scene is that ear infection in babies is often common and it can even occur a number of times to the same baby.

It is therefore essential that you pay utmost attention to the symptoms as well as signs including your baby pulling his/her ear, becoming finicky frequently and if facing difficulties during sleep. Most importantly though, it is also rather more essential to know what causes an Ear Infection in babies and how to resolve such issues?

Let’s explore here through this blog the main causes of ear infections in babies for proper treatment:

What is an Ear Infection?

An Ear Infection in toddlers and children are commonly caused due to an inflammation of the Middle Ear which leads to the formation of fluid behind the eardrum. It is quite common in the toddlers as well as in adults. The scientific term such an ear infection is “Otitis Media”. Toddlers are more vulnerable to it due to their weak immune system. Also, their Eustachian Tubes are not developed too well are lie more horizontal than vertical thus placing them under the risk of getting infection more often than adults .

Causes of Ear Infections in Babies

It is important to know exactly what causes an ear infection in Babies and how it can be resolved with concrete action. Fortunately, the common causes responsible for causing ear infection are not too much out of the ordinary. Here are some of the common causes that should be known for primary assessment:

Bacterial and Viral Infections: The Bacterial infections are actually responsible for causing severe to mild ear infections. They infect the middle ear due to which inflammation occurs and the fluid starts to collect behind the eardrum. They result from the respiratory infections including Flu or any kind of allergy.

Enlarged Adenoid: Adenoid is a lymphoid tissue present in the back of the nose, when enlarged, can block the nasopharyngeal end of the eustachian tube thus making the child susceptible for recurrent middle ear infection, nasal block and decreased hearing.

Immature Eustachian Tubes: The Eustachian Tubes which arises from our middle ear connect the middle ear to back of our nose as well as throat. The bacteria reach the ear from nose to the ear through a space created due to small and angular shaped Eustachian tubes in particularly in the babies. In adults, space is not enough for bacteria to reach up to the ear.

Colds and Flu: As we all know, Colds and Flu are quite usual in the case of babies. The nasal passages become swollen due to which mucus gets entrapped at the backside of the nose. Normally, this develops a deck suitable for the bacterial propagation which then drifts over to the Eustachian tube vide back of the nose.

Formation of Fluid: The Bacteria migrates to behind the eardrum while travelling along the Eustachian tube. It leads to the formation of mucus and fluid that further leads to bulging of the ear drum and severe pain in the ear of the babies. Any skilled and highly experienced ENT professional can only suggest you an appropriate medication in such a scenario.

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How to Deal with Chronic Ear infections in Children

Other Common Causes include:

Due to Bottles: When a baby drinks while lying flat on the bed, the chances of getting ear infection increases as the liquid can flow into the Eustachian tubes.

Thumb Sucking and Pacifiers: As the baby sucks, the eustachian tube becomes open due to which bacteria easily migrates into the ear.

Earwax: A very little Earwax is essential for the babies as it helps in fighting against the foreign bodies including the bacteria.

Climatic changes: Climate change enhances the chances of getting an ear infection therefore utmost care is required.

Swimmer’s ear: Water present in the ear causes swimmers’ ear, which is considered the most devastating ear infection.

Treatment and Diagnosis

It is vital to consult an experienced ENT Professional in case your baby develops an ear infection. They will examine the ear by otoscope to suggest an appropriate treatment option. The infected ear appears red and swollen. Furthermore, a pneumatic otoscope is also used through which air blows into the ear canal to analyse the flexibility of the eardrum. Tympanometry is also used to test the behaviour of eardrum in different pressures.

If your baby is also facing any such difficulty due to an ear infection, then don’t delay anymore. It’s high time you contact Dr. Muddazir, an experienced and kind Pediatric ENT specialist  immediately. He has been serving for several years now and will certainly suggest you the most suitable treatment option.
Untreated and ignored ear Infections sometimes become life-threatening! Fix your appointment immediately and give your baby a comfortable sleep.


07/Dec/2020

How Is Chronic Sinusitis Diagnosed
How Is Chronic Sinusitis Diagnosed

Are chronic issues with your Sinuses causing trouble in your life? Are you facing difficulty in breathing due to chronic Sinusitis or Nasal polyps? If so, then you need not worry anymore! By scheduling an appointment with an ENT professional, you will be able to get an expert diagnosis. But the question still remains- How Chronic Sinusitis can be diagnosed that assures for the total cure?

Let’s explore how this condition can be diagnosed and treated

Involving a perturbed sensation full of pain and swelling on the face, facing chronic sinusitis will directly impact our day-to-day life. When the sinus becomes infected on getting blocked with the fluid, the condition is known as Sinusitis. If the same condition persists for a longer time, then the outcome is Chronic Sinusitis and it should be observed by the experts for proper cure.

Sinuses and Sinusitis

Sinuses are the air pockets present in the skull which are lined by the mucus membranes. The existing mucus assists in flushing out the germs. Sinuses tend to make a skull a bit lighter, acting as a shielding cushioned layer and protecting from the brain trauma situation. When sinuses get inflamed out of infection, then Sinusitis crop up. This results in swelling of the mucus membrane thus formulating the supplementary mucus.

What is Chronic Sinusitis?

When the inflammation or infection linger for more than 12 weeks, the condition is said to be the Chronic Sinusitis stage so taking proper treatment becomes mandatory. The sinus is the kind of spaces which link up the ears, mouth and nose. At the time when these get inflamed, a puffed sensation emerges. It resultantly leads to difficulty in breathing, swelling on eyes and also difficulty in draining. Taste, as well as smell, also gets affected due to such condition.

Causes of Chronic Sinusitis

Several factors are involved in causing Chronic Sinusitis. It involves the following:

● Nasal Polyps- Tissue Growths can block the sinuses;
● A deviated Nasal Septum – an abnormal structure of nose;
● Bacterial, Viral or Fungal infections;
● Severe conditions like Cystic Fibrosis can block the airways;
● Weak Immune System;
● Allergies such as hay fever or pet allergy.

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis

Ø Pressure, particularly all over the face including nose, eyes and forehead;
Ø Bad Breath in young children (halitosis);
Ø Mucus dripping down from throat;
Ø Thick Yellow or green-coloured nasal discharge from nose;
Ø Fatigue;
Ø Pain in Ear;
Ø Cough;
Ø Toothache and headache;
Ø Difficulty in breathing.

How Chronic Sinusitis can be Diagnosed?
If the sinusitis lingers for more than three months showing typical symptoms daily, then it can be classified as the Chronic Sinusitis stage whose treatment must be done after through observation. At such stage, it is highly recommended that one seeks to approach an experienced ENT professional to get it analysed thoroughly, therefore, obtain professional diagnosis thereafter.

To check the structural issues, an ENT specialist might recommend a CT scan or sometimes even an MRI scan depending on the condition. Most of the times, an endoscope can also be used which examines inner condition if the nose, as well as sinuses, require thorough investigation. A solid conversation with the patient before performing the physical examination is a key solution to solve such issues.

In such condition, an experienced ENT professional would ask you various questions regarding your daily routine and also your living style in an attempt to have an idea related to the causes of the issue.

CT scans are the types of x-rays which showcase the three dimensional or 3D anatomy of the sinuses. The duration of time it takes is just thirty seconds and there is no need ti inject any dye. That is perhaps the main reason that often people go for it.

Biopsies might be ordered by the providers in the rare cases to observe if there is any spreading of infection that has taken place. Biopsies include having samples of bone or tissue to examine under the microscope.

How Can You get Chronic Sinusitis Treated?

Ø Avoid smoking and allergens;
Ø Wash off the allergens or irritants by Nasal Saline Rinse solutions;
Ø Read proper instructions before using;
Ø The response towards irritants and inflammation can be minimized by Nasal Steroid sprays;
Ø Use of Antihistamines
Ø Antibiotics may be prescribed in case of presence of infection

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Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Most chronic cases and nasal polyps necessitate Functional Endoscopic Sinus surgery as structural problems are involved with them. This can be discussed with an expert ENT professional who would guide you whether surgery would be required or not. The procedure of Sinus Surgery includes use endoscope and camera inside the sinus cavities to remove the disease and correct the anatomical abnormalities.

If you are one of those facing trouble due to Chronic Sinusitis and searching for an expert ENT Specialist, then you can count on to Dr. Muddazir Ibrahim at Aster Hospital, Dubai, to acquire the highest quality and state-of-the-art procedures of diagnosis and technology. He is always available to guide you even if you are facing other Ear, Nose and Throat related problems. So, schedule your appointment immediately and get yourself analysed now.




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Copyright by Dr. Muddazir Ali Ibrahim 2020. All rights reserved.



Copyright by Dr. Muddazir Ali Ibrahim 2020. All rights reserved.