10 Most Common Throat Problems – Causes and Treatment
Whether it is the change of weather or some festive feast, a pesky throat infection often destroys the festivity as it does not go easily without causing severe troubles. It results in irritation as well as itchiness that make our daily chores quite disturbing. Various treatments and remedies are available for throat problems. But before discussing the healing remedies, let’s first know about the common throat problems along with their genesis.
10 most common Throat Problems include:
Sore Throat is one of the most distressing throat diseases commonly found in all ages. The irritation it causes might be painful or mild and persists for many days. It causes difficulty while swallowing and chewing the food. Usually, known as Pharyngitis, a sore throat generates pain or inflammation in the entire throat most primarily at the back.
Causes of Sore Throat:
The main causes of sore throat are Bacterial and Viral Infections. Other common causes include throat dryness, tumours, GERD, allergies and irritants.
Any difficulty while swallowing is known as Dysphagia. It is accompanied with severe pain when we swallow the food. Two types of Dysphagia include Oropharyngeal and Esophageal i.e. mouth-throat and food pipe respectively.
Causes of Dysphagia:
The main causes of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia can be the anatomical or developmental abnormality cases. Esophageal Dysphagia results from neurological or Muscular disorders.
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Very painful swallowing is termed as Odynophagia that develops from pain in the mouth, esophagus and throat. It is sometimes accompanied with too much difficulty in swallowing.
Causes of Odynophagia
Continual intake of quite cold or hot beverages, any muscular injuries, and a weak immune system can be the major causes.
Swollen Neck Lymph Nodes: Any infection in the upper respiratory tract results into swelling of neck lymph nodes which is one of the most devastating throat infections that cause too much problem. The infection includes anterior cervical lymph nodes, posterior cervical lymph nodes, submandibular lymph nodes, submental lymph nodes and tonsillar.
Causes of swollen neck lymph nodes
Severe viral, bacterial and parasitic infections including mumps, tonsillitis, measles, sinusitis, dental problems, tuberculosis which are the common causes.
Tonsillitis: Tonsils are the collection of lymphoid tissues located at the back of the throat. They form the major part of the immune system and therefore help to prevent our bodies from getting any type of infection. When tonsils become infected from severe bacterial and viral infections, it is called as the tonsillitis condition. It leads to soreness in throat, swelling, itchiness and even fever.
Causes of Tonsillitis:
It is caused by various common viruses and bacteria like Streptococcal that causes the strep throat symptom.
Dysphonia- Hoarse or whispering Voice
Dysphonia is a severe throat infection leading to rough and gruff voice, a speech disturbance usually resulting in a hoarse or whispering voice. It occurs due to the trouble in the larynx.
Causes of Dysphonia
Laryngitis is the most common cause leading to a temporary disturbance in the production of sound. Any structural problems in the larynx primarily cartilage, muscle and nerves also cause Dysphonia.
Throat Cancer can be defined as any development of cancerous tumour inside the throat, voice box or tonsils.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is most common in children. Its symptoms include sore throat, fever and difficulty in swallowing.
The inflammation in the larynx and Trachea is termed as Croup. Symptoms include barking cough, and difficulty in breathing. It is caused by the parainfluenza virus.
Throat Ulcers are the open sores present in the throat. Infection with yeast, bacteria and virus can be the primary reason.
Various treatment strategies are present to treat common throat problems. An expert ENT specialist can recommend you the best one.
● Antibiotics, as recommended by an experienced ENT professional can be used to treat severe infections like a sore throat.
● Pain relievers such as ibruprofen et al might help to relieve you from severe pain.
● Chronic Streptococcal infections of tonsils necessitate the removal of tonsils, the technique known as Tonsillectomy.
If you are also suffering from mild to severe Throat problems, then book your appointment with Dr. Muddazir, an expert ENT professional doctor in dubai who can guide you for the best treatment as per the severity of the infection. He is well versed with the ultra-modern surgical technology and boasts of being one of the best team of ENT specialists to offer specialist solutions.